Vol. 1, Issue 3 (2013)
Genetic engineering on microorganism: the ecological and bioethical implications
Author(s): Engwa Azeh Godwill
Abstract: With the increasing global population, the idea of Genetic Engineering on microorganism has greatly been embraced by man to improve on his well-being. However, the increasing use of the genetically modified products calls for general concern. There exist so many schools of thoughts on the ethical and ecological implications of this technique and its products. This paper describes the historical evolution of genetic engineering, the reason and process by which genetically modified microorganism are produced and their application in chemical, agro-alimentary industries, medicine, agriculture, the environment and research. It further describes the bioethical implications and the risk posed by genetically modified microorganisms on the environment and human health. As a means to search for solution against the problems raised, the paper explains how risk could be assessed, monitored and managed taking into consideration all the ethical values of man and his environment so as to minimize harm.