Vol. 7, Issue 2 (2019)
Comparison of different wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties under agro-climatic condition of Swabi for yield and yield components
Author(s): Saeedur Rahman, Atique Azam, Hameed Gul, Muhammad Naeem, Mubassir Afzal
Abstract: Wheat is an important cereal crop and used as staple food for the people of Pakistan. Concern for sustainable production of wheat crop under the agro-climatic conditions of District Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan focused to renewed interest in researches for high yielding tolerant varieties. In order to address the problem, an experiment entitled “Comparison of different wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties under agro-climatic condition of Swabi for yield and yield components” was conducted at the Agriculture Research Station Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan during winter 2017-18 and the trail was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications to check various wheat varieties (Atta Habib, Pirsabak-2013, Pakhtunkhwa-2015 and Fakhri Sarhad) for economic yield and its contributing apparatuses. Statistical analysis of the data exposed a significant (P≤0.05) effect of different varieties on spike weight (g), grains spike-1, grain yield and 1000 grains weight (g). However, the conclusion of different varieties was non-significant (P>0.05) on productive tillers plant-1, spike length (cm), and spikes ft-2. The data exposed maximum and 1000 grains weight (g) for Atta Habib. The results further specified extreme productive tillers plant-1, spikelet’s spike-1, grains per spike, spikes ft-2, Spike weight (gm) and grain yield (kg ha-1) for Pirsabak-2013. In the same way, maximum value for Spike length (cm) were noted for Fakhri Sarhad. It was concluded from the study that Pirsabak-2013 performed better than other cultivars under study for yield and yield components.