Vol. 7, Issue 2 (2019)
Phytochemical studies on the leaves of Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Author(s): Deepa Pradhan, Rajshree Pandey
Abstract: Cardiospermum halicacabum L. (Sapindaceae) commonly known as ‘Balloon vine’ is a dioecious, hairy, climbing vine with balloon like clusters of white flowers framed by finely dissected, delicate foliage. The leaf has a bitter taste; the entire plant is used as anti-inflammatory, antibiotic against many bacteria, antiparasitic, antipyretic and as an analgesic. The ethanolic extract of leaves exhibits significant anti-arthritic effect. The present study was therefore carried out to provide phytochemical details about the leaf. Phytochemical investigation of the leaf and leaf powder of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. was carried out to determine phytochemical diagnostic features. The preliminary phytochemical analysis and Thin Layer Chromatography has been performed. Preliminary phytochemical analysis indicated presence of tannins, saponins, flavonoids, glycosides and cardiac glycosides. The results of the study could be useful in setting some diagnostic indices of the plant.