Phytochemical analysis of certain medicinal plants of the family Lamiaceae
Priyanka Kesharwani, Ganesh Singh Sandya
Members of the Lamiaceae family include aromatic plants that are being used for various disorders in traditional medicine. Lamiaceae (Ocimum sanctum, Leonotis nepetifolia (L.), Mentha arvensis L.) to study secondary metabolites present in family leaves. The samples were extracted using solvents such as acetone, chloroform, ethanol, petroleum ether, and water. These mixtures were shaken at room temperature for 24 hours. After the incubation, the extracts were filtered, which was labeled as no. 1 was collected using filter paper and stored at 4°C. Initial phytochemical screening was performed by standard methods. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, phytosterols, proteins, steroids, terpenoids, phenol, saponins, quinones, coumarins, and glycosides. The results reveal the presence of bioactive components containing alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolics, tannins, glycosides, steroids, and saponins in various solvents. The medicinal potential of this plant can be correlated with the presence of these phytochemicals.