European Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience

European Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience


European Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience
European Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience
Vol. 9, Issue 4 (2021)

Epidemiological profile of digestive and urinary parasitosis caused by helminths, protozoa and sporozoa in the western logone and tandjilé basins from 2015-2020, chad


Bessimbaye Nadlaou, Bakarnga-Via Issakou, Mbanga Djimadoum, Choua Oucheimi, Nicolas Barro

Urban and rural areas face a real public health problem in view of the population explosion, overcrowding, lack of drinking water and sanitation facilities that prevail in some villages and cities. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological profile of digestive and urinary parasitosis in the population in the provinces of Western Logone and Tandjilé in Chad. This is a prospective cross-sectional study with an analytical, quantitative and qualitative aim on digestive and urinary parasitosis in two provinces on a sample of the population aged 3 to 90 years suffering from digestive or urinary disorders Selected by cluster sampling or coming consulted. In one of the health facilities of the two localities. Each patient underwent at least one simple parasitological examination including a reading in the fresh state, after Lugol staining and finally after the Kato-Katz technique for stool, urine filtration and circulating cathodic antigen test. For detecting schistosomes in urine. Eight thousand three hundred and eighty-nine (8,389) people with an average age of 46.5 years with extremes ranging from 3 to 90 years voluntarily performed at least one parasitological screening examination of stool and urine, including 1231 (15%) parasites were found. Our study also included 1750 children (3 to 14 years) of which 611 (50%) were found. Significant differences were observed between the proportions of Participants men (57.14%) and women (43%), between the age group of 9-14 years (43.13%) and 87-90 years (2%) with the probabilities of 0.001 and 0.001 respectively. Among the parasites encountered, Trematodes were in the majority with 55.40% followed by Protozoa (27.05%) and Nematodes (9.1%). Schistosoma haematobium (49%) appeared to be the most dominant parasite in the urine examined followed by Entamoeba histolytica (13.4%), Trichomonas intestinalis (7%) and Giardia intestinalis (7%) found in stool. From the city to the countryside in the two provinces, the prevalence of intestinal and urinary parasitism is not negligible, we must always insist on strict compliance with the rules of food and personal hygiene and periodic and regular deworming in the surveyed areas. Which could reduce or cut the chain of transmission as well as carrying out similar studies in other provinces to draw a more precise epidemiological profile of intestinal parasitosis in Chad.
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How to cite this article:
Bessimbaye Nadlaou, Bakarnga-Via Issakou, Mbanga Djimadoum, Choua Oucheimi, Nicolas Barro. Epidemiological profile of digestive and urinary parasitosis caused by helminths, protozoa and sporozoa in the western logone and tandjilé basins from 2015-2020, chad. European Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience, Volume 9, Issue 4, 2021, Pages 22-29
European Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience